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Query Monitoring

Provides a summary of query processing across all nodes in the cluster.

Top Queries

This is an aggregated list of all your top queries running on all the nodes of your database cluster. The list can be ordered by Occurrence or Execution Time, to show the most common or slowest queries respectively. It is also possible to filter and review queries from one particular node.


ClusterControl relies on pg_stat_statements.track=all inside postgresql.conf to capture database queries.

You can see the explain the output of your queries by selecting a query in the list. Review the Settings → Query Monitor to configure what queries to log (e.g. only log queries that take more than 1 seconds to execute).


Starting from ClusterControl 1.9.7 (September 2023), ClusterControl GUI v2 is the default frontend graphical user interface (GUI) for ClusterControl. Note that the GUI v1 is considered a feature-freeze product with no future development. All new developments will be happening on ClusterControl GUI v2. See User Guide (GUI v2).


Configures the Query Monitor settings, as explained below:

Field Description
Long Query Time
  • Collects queries taking longer than Long Query Time seconds, for example:
    • 0.1 – Only queries taking more than 0.1 seconds will be accounted.
Log queries not using indexes?
  • Configures ClusterControl behavior on sampling queries without indexes:
    • Yes – Logs queries which are using indexes.
    • No – Ignores queries that are not using indexes (will not be accounted for in ClusterControl → Query Monitor → Query Outliers).

Top Queries Table

This page is auto-refresh every 30 seconds. You can change the refresh rate by clicking on Refresh rate dropdown at top right. The following describes the Top Queries table columns:

Field Description
  • List of sampled queries.
  • Database name.
  • A total number of query occurrences.
  • Total rows involved:
    • Sent – The number of rows TimeScaleDB returned.
    • Examined – The number of rows TimeScaleDB believes it must examine to execute the query.
Tmp tables
  • The number of temporary tables created for this query, on RAM or on disk.
Exec Time
  • Execution time in microseconds of:
    • Max – Maximum execution time.
    • Avg – Average execution time.
    • Stdev – Standard deviation time.
Total Exec Time
  • The total amount of execution time of:
    • Absolute – Total execution time of the query.
    • Relative – Percentage of the query execution time over total time.

Running Queries

View current running queries on your database nodes similar to select * from pg_stat_activity the command in TimeScaleDB. You can stop a running query by selecting to kill the connection that started the query. The process list can be filtered out by the host.

This page is auto-refresh every 30 seconds. You can change the refresh rate by clicking on the arrow beside the green Refresh button.

Field Description
  • IP address or hostname of the instance.
  • Name of the database this backend is connected to.
  • TimeScaleDB user.
  • IP address of the client connected to this backend. If this field is null, it indicates either that the client is connected via a Unix socket on the server machine or that this is an internal process such as auto-vacuum.
  • Text of this backend’s most recent query. If the state is active this field shows the currently executing query. In all other states, it shows the last query that was executed.
  • Current overall state of this backend. Possible values are:
    • active: The backend is executing a query.
    • idle: The backend is waiting for a new client command.
    • idle in the transaction: The backend is in a transaction but is not currently executing a query.
    • idle in transaction (aborted): This state is similar to idle in the transaction, except one of the statements in the transaction caused an error.
    • fast-path function call: The backend is executing a fast-path function.
    • disabled: This state is reported if track_activities is disabled in this backend.

Query Outliers

Shows queries that are outliers. An outlier is a query taking a longer time than the normal query of that type. Use this feature to filter out the outliers for a certain time period. After a number of samples and when ClusterControl has had enough stats, it can determine if latency is higher than normal (2 sigmas + average_query_time) then it is an outlier and will be added into the Query Outlier.

This feature is dependent on the Top Queries feature above. If Query Monitoring is enabled and Top Queries are captured and populated, the Query Outliers will summarize these and provide a filter based on timestamp. You can view the query history as old as one year ago.

Field Description
  • The exact time when the query is captured.
  • The SQL query.
Query Time
  • Query’s execution time in microseconds.
Avg Query Time
  • Query’s average execution time in microseconds.
  • Query’s standard deviation execution time in microseconds.
Max Query Time
  • Query’s maximum execution time in microseconds.
Max Lock Time
  • Query’s lock time in microseconds.

Query Statistics


This feature is introduced in v1.7.1.

Views advanced query statistics of individual TimeScaleDB server. Some statistics are collected per database-level and some are server-wide, as explained in the following table:

Statistics Description
Access by sequential or index scans Identify whether tables are being accessed by sequential scans or index scans.
Table I/O statistics Table I/O statistics. The ratio of heap blocks read from memory vs Disk I/O for a given table.
Index I/O statistics Disk I/O for every index on a table.
Database wide statistics Server-wide database statistics like Datname, Numbackends, Xact_commit,  Xact_rollback, Blks_read,

Blks_hit, Tup_returned, Tup_fetched, Tup_inserted, Tup_updated, Tup_deleted.

Table bloat and index bloat The estimated amount of bloat in your tables and indices.
Top 10 largest tables The largest top 10 tables in the selected database.
Database sizes Every database’s size in MB.
Last analyzed or vacuumed The last time a table was last analyzed or vacuumed.
Unused indexes Returns unused indexes.
Duplicate indexes Returns duplicate indexes.
Exclusive lock waits Returns exclusive lock waits.
Logical Replication Latency Since PostgreSQL 9.4, this view contains replication statistics for each slave the master connects to for sending data. Details at pg_stat_replication View.
Logical Replication Slot Since PostgreSQL 9.4 this view lists all replication slots (and their stats) existing on the database node. Details at pg_stat_replication.
Logical Publication Since PostgreSQL 10 <span class="pre">pg_publication</span> lists all logical replication publications for the database. Details at pg_publication.
Logical Subscription Since PostgreSQL 10 <span class="pre">pg_subscription</span> lists all logical replication subscriptions. Details at pg_subscription.
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